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littérature

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  • Littérature
    The 33 issues that made up the small stack of two successive series of Littérature, especially if the first issue of March 1919 is placed on top, advertise a very banal editorial proposition; the format and thickness of each copy tailored to the jacket pocket, the cover page graphics inspired by provincial society bulletins, and its conventional and absurdly catch-all title taint the collection with scholastic ennui. Yet diving into the content reveals a subversive and venturesome spirit, the fruit of a concerted project that reveals its cards progressively, an operation of institutional camouflage aimed at placing Littérature among the list of commendable magazines. Led by André Breton, Littérature corresponds to a program he characterized 20 years later in the paintings of Frida Kahlo: "A ribbon around a bomb".
  • The history of Littérature unfolds in two periods, each distinct in form and content. Littérature first appeared from March 1919 to August 1921, a period of 29 months that produced only 20 issues of the "monthly review"; Littérature, nouvelle série is composed of 13 issues, dating March 1922 to June 1924.
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  • TEXT CREDITS
    Didier Schulmann, 'Littérature', translated from the French text, published in the catalogue Dada (Editions du Centre Pompidou : Paris 2005) 622-631. The translation was part of the Press Pack, published by MNAM Centre Pompidou 2005, p. 73-75 [Courtesy MNAM Centre Pompidou].
  • COVER
    N° 13 (May 1920) [International Dada Archive]
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  • DESCRIPTION
  • Littérature
    N° 1 (March 1919) - N° [21 (September-October 1921); Nouvelle série N° 1 (March 1922) - N° 13 (June 1924)
    Edited by Louis Aragon, André Breton, Philippe Soupault (N° 1-19); Soupault (N° 20); Breton and Soupault (nouv. sér. N° 1-12); Breton (nouv. sér. N° 13); published by Au Sans Pareil, Paris
    Special Numbers:
    • N° 13 (May 1920) Vingt-trois Manifestes du mouvement Dada
    • N° 20 (August 1921) L'Affaire Barrès I.
    • [N° 21 (September-October 1921) L'Affaire Barrès II.]

    Monthly N° 1-12; bimonthly (irregular) N° 13-20; monthly (irregular) Nouv. sér. N° 1-8; irregular Nouv. sér. N° 9-13. N° 11-17 called also 2e année; N° 18-20 called also 3e année
    22.5 x 14.4 cm
  • main contributors
  • André Gide, Paul Valéry, L.P. Fargue, A. Salmon, Pierre Reverdy, Max Jacob, Blaise Cendrars, J. Paulhan, André Breton, I. Ducasse, Guillaume Apollinaire, B. Fay, Darius Milhaud, G. Auric, S. Mallarmé, P. Morand, Paul éluard, A. Rimbaud, Louis Aragon, R. Radiguet, Jacques Vaché, Tristan Tzara, Philippe Soupault, Walter Serner, Hans Arp, Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Paul Dermée, Francis Picabia, Max Ernst, C. Pansaers, B. Péret and others.
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  • FACSIMILES/REPRINTS
  • [online] Digital Dada Library, International Dada Archive: no. 1-19; n.s. no. 1-9, 11/12.
  • [printed] Reprinted in the series 'Collection des réimpressions des revues d'avant garde' no 14 by éditions Jean-Michel Place (Paris 1978).
  • [anthology] Dawn Ades, 'Littérature', in The Dada Reader. A Critical Anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 161-232.
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  • SECONDARY LITERATURE
  • Dawn Ades
    'Littérature', in The Dada Reader. A Critical Anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 162-165.
  • Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia
    'Picabia l'inventeur', in L'Oeil n° 18 (June 1956).
  • William Camfield, Jean-Jacques Lebel
    Francis Picabia. Dessins pour "Littérature" (Galerie 1900-2000 : Paris 2008).
  • Louis Janover
    'Dada à l’assaut de "Littérature"', in Louis Janover, La révolution surréaliste (Plon : Paris 1989) 52-65.
  • Didier Schulmann
    'Littérature', translated from the French text, published in the catalogue Dada (Editions du Centre Pompidou : Paris 2005) 622-631. The translation was part of the Press Kit, published by MNAM Centre Pompidou 2005, p. 73-75.
  • Raymond Spiteri
    'Que faire les surréalistes?': Littérature (1919-24), La Révolution surréaliste (1925-9), Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution (1930-3)', in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940 / edited by Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop (Oxford University Press : Oxford etc. 2013).
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