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dada

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  • dada
    No editor was announced for the first two issues of Dada, which still had the by-line 'Literary and Artistic Review' [= Recueil littéraire et artistique]; Marcel Janco and François Arp, Hans's brother, were respectively in charge of the administration. However, from the third issue, December 1918, which saw a dramatic change of format and aggressive typographical inventions, Tzara was announced editor, as well as director of the 'Dada Mouvement'. This issue opened with Tzara's famous 'Dada Manifesto 1918' and included contributions from Francis Picabia and the Paris-based writers Philippe Soupault and André Breton. The more nihilistic and ironic tone of Dada 3 can be partly ascribed to direct contact between the Dadaists and Picabia, who was temporarily resident in Switzerland, whre he published the eightth issue of 391 (with Dada's anarchist printer, Julius Heuberger, in Zurich) in February 1919. From this moment on Tzara's ambitions and organising talent ensured the rapid spread of Dada.
  • Despite the severe paper rationing, there were numbered de luxe eitions with original woodcuts. The ordinary editions were on cheap, thin and ofteh coloroud papers. Dada 4/5. Dada Anthology, which appeared in May 1919, had orange, pink and blue pages. Durinbg the preparation of this issue, the printer Julius Heuberger, was sent to prison [...]
  • In January 1920 Tzara followed Picabia to Paris; three more issues of his review appeared, all quite different in format. Numbers 6 and 7 (Bulletin Dada and Dadaphone) were published from Picabia's appartment. The Paris context is very marked; the reviews relate closely to the Paris Dada 'season' of 1920, and the only illustrations in Dadaphone, apart from the Schadograph [= cameraless photograph by Christian Schad similar to Man Ray's Rayograms], were photographs of the members of the Paris group. The final issue, No. 8, Dada intirol au grand air, fruit of a holiday in Tarrenz, Austria (September 1921), prominently features Max Ernst, who shortly afterwards joined the Dadaists in Paris.
  • TEXT CREDITS
    Dawn Ades, 'Cabaret Voltaire, Dada and Der Zeltweg', in The Dada reader. A critical anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 16-19.]
  • COVER
    N° 2
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  • DESCRIPTION
  • Dada
    Subtitle Recueil littéraire et artistique.
  • N° 1 (July 1917) - N° 8 (September 1921).
  • Edited by Tristan Tzara; published by Julius Heuberger, Zürich (N° 1-4/5) and Au Sans Pareil, Paris (N° 6-7 and [8])
    7 numbers; varying formats
    Special numbers:
    • N° 4/5 Anthologie Dada (May 1919) [click to see the cover]
    • N° 6 Bulletin Dada (February 1920)
    • N° 7 Dadaphone (March 1920) [click to see the cover]
    • N° [8] Dada In Tirol Au grand air. Der Sängerkrieg (September 1921)
  • bibliographic references
  • An extensive bibliographic description and contents of the number 1-4/5 can be found in Hans Bolliger a.o. (Hrsg.), Dada in Zürich. Sammlungsheft 11 Kunsthaus Zürich (Arche Verlag : Zürich 1994) 213-227 [catalogue numbers 87-91].
  • contributors
  • Texts by P. Albert-Birot, Louis Aragon, Hans Arp, André Breton, G. Cantarelli, Paul Dermée, Paul Éluard, Max Ernst, Vincente Huidobro, F. Meriano, N. Moscardelli, Francis Picabia, Pierre Reverdy, Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, Hans Richter, A. Savinio, Walter Serner, Philippe Soupault, Tristan Tzara.
    Illustrations by Hans Arp, Giorgio de Chirico, Robert Delaunay, Viking Eggeling, Max Ernst, Raoul Hausmann, Marcel Janco, Wasily Kandinsky, O. Lüthy, Francis Picabia, Prampolini, Hans Richter.
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  • FACSIMILES/REPRINTS
  • [online] Digital Dada Library, International Dada Archive: numbers 1-7.
  • [online] Blue Mountain Project. Available:July 1917 - 16 September 1921 (7 issues).
  • [online] UbuWeb, Historical: N° 1-3.
  • [online] German Literary Expressionism Online. Journals, Yearbooks, Collections, Anthologies. Edited by Paul Raabe (W. de Gruyter : Berlin, New York 2008). Consult the brochure with the complete list [pdf].
  • [printed] Reprinted in 'Dada Svizzero', part of Documenti e periodici Dada / a cura di Arturo Schwarz. Collezione di ristampe anastatiche diretta da Massimo Carra e Giorgio de Marchis (G. Mazzotta : Milano 1970). The portfolio includes Cabaret Voltaire, Bulletin Dada, Der Zeltweg, Dada 1-3, Anthologie Dada.
  • [printed] Reprinted in Dada. Réimpression critique / Michel Sanouillet and Dominique Baudouin (Centre du XXe siècle, Université Nice : Nice) 2 vols.
    1. Reprint of 6 issues of Dada proper: Dada 1, 2, 3; Anthologie Dada (4-5); Bulletin Dada (6); Dadaphone (7); Dada au Grand air (8).
    2. Complete critical apparatus including historical and biographical notes, variants, unpublished works, correspondence, tables, semiological and literary analyses by Michel Sanouillet and Dominique Baudouin. In the appendix, reprints of related periodicals like Le Coeur à Barbe.
  • [printed] Reprinted in Dada. Zurich Paris. 1916-1922 (Éditions Jean-Michel Place : Paris 1981).
  • [anthology] Dawn Ades, 'Cabaret Voltaire, Dada and Der Zeltweg', in The Dada reader. A critical anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 30-49.
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  • SECONDARY LITERATURE
  • Dawn Ades
    'Cabaret Voltaire, Dada and Der Zeltweg', in The Dada reader. A critical anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 16-19.
  • Rémi Froger
    'Dada', in Dada (Éditions du Centre Pompidou : Paris 2005) 304-315.
  • Emily Hage
    New York and European Dada Art Journals, 1916-1926: International Venues of Exchange (S.l. : s.n. 2005) 87-94, 126-160, 161-174, 208-213, 214-220.
  • Ruth Hemus
    'A Dada Season: 391 (1919-24), Cannibale (1920), Projecteur (1920), Dada (1920-1), Le Coeur à Barbe (1922)', in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880 - 1940 / edited by Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop (Oxford University Press : Oxford etc. forthcoming).
  • Debbie Lewer
    'The avant-garde in Swiss exile 1914-20: Der Mistral (1915), Sirius (1915-16), Cabaret Voltaire (1916), Dada (1917-19), 391 (No. 8, 1918), Der Zeltweg (1919), Almanach der Freien Zeitung (1918)', in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880-1940 / edited by Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop (Oxford University Press : Oxford etc. 2013).
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