- Broom, published from November 1921 to January 1924, along with other periodicals of its era, was instrumental in introducing Americans to European avant-garde art through the reproduction of works by such artists as André Derain, Juan Gris, and George Grosz. Broom was founded by novelist Harold Loeb. In 1920, Loeb persuaded editor Alfred Kreymborg to join him in editing a magazine that would provide a forum for new and experimental art, and with Loeb’s financial backing, Broom set up headquarters in Rome, where its first ten issues were printed. After the first year of publication, Kreymborg left, and Loeb moved Broom’s headquarters from Rome to Berlin, where he published six more issues before his money ran out. Broom’s Associate Editor, Matthew Josephson, took over the funding and moved Broom’s headquarters to New York, where he published five issues, the last of which was banned by U.S. postal censors.
- TEXT CREDITS
Text for the exhibition 'Broom : the Full Sweep' in the Stevenson Library at Bard College (November 3, 2010 to December 13, 2010).
Subtitle An International Magazine of the Arts. Published by Americans in Italy
1 (November 1921) N° 1 - 6 (January 1924) N° 1
Edited by Harold A. Loeb (November 1921-November 1922), Alfred Kreymborg (November 1921-February 1922), Slater Brown, Matthew Josephson, and Malcolm Cowley (associate editors); Lola Ridge (American editor); published by The Broom Publishing Company, Rome and New York
32.4 x 24 cm
Bibliographic references: Little Magazines & Modernism.
- Matthew Josephson, Malcolm Cowley, William Carlos Williams, Harold Loeb, Robert Alden Sanborn, Gordon Craig, e.e. cummings, Jean Toomer, Joseph Stella, Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Gertrude Stein, Marianne Moore, Wallace Stevens, Henri Matisse, Conrad Aiken, John Gould Fletcher, Lola Ridge, Kay Boyle.
- Cover designs by Fernand Léger, El Lissitsky, and Man Ray; reproductions of drawings by Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Amedeo Modigliani; photographs by László Moholy-Nagy and Paul Strand.
- Broom. An international magazine of the arts / [eds. Harold A. Loeb ... a.o.] (Kraus Reprints : New York 1967) 5 vols.
- [anthology] The Broom anthology / edited, with an introduction by Harold Loeb (Milford House : Pound Ridge NY 1969).
- [anthology] Gardening with Brains. Eine Anthologie New Yorker Avantgarde-Zeitschriften der 1910-1920er Jahre : The Little Review, Camera Work, The Soil ... / Katja Gödde, Stephan Hoffmann, Robert Lößl ... Berliner Beiträge zur Amerikanistik, Band 5 (John-F.-Kennedy-Institut : Berlin 1996) 339-428 [Contents].
- SECONDARY LITERATURE
- Erica Bahls
'Collaboration and Camaraderie : Broom, Secession, and the "Youngest Generation"', in ELM. A Journal of Undergraduate Research 1, No. 1 (Fall 2004) [online]; available at <http://www.davidson.edu/academic/english/little_magazines/journal/essays/bahls_collaboration__camaraderie.pdf> [accessed 6 August 2012].
- Jeffry B. Kondritzer
Broom. An international magazine of the arts (Indiana University 1983). PhD.
- Clarence Major
'Broom', in Edward E. Chielens (ed.), American Literary Magazines. The Twentieth Century. Historical guides to the world’s periodicals and newspapers (Greenwood Press : West Port, Conn. 1992) 46-52.