DADA & Modernist Magazines


  • cover The Blindman Three little magazines were produced by the French émigrés Marcel Duchamp and Henri-Pierre Roché in New York in 1917, and their role in the scandal of Duchamp's Fountain has ensured their inscription in the history of Dada, though the name was then unknown to the protagonists. Duchamp's close friend Francis Picabia was in New York at the same time and his 391 was also exploring Duchamp's idea of the 'readymade'.
  • The Blindman (its first issue ran the words together in the title) was published in April 1917 by Henri-Pierre Roché with contributions from Mina Loy and Beatrice Wood.
  • [...] The second issue in May of the same year, P.B.T. The Blind Man (the B stood apparently for Beatrice, the T for Totor, Duchamp's nickname) carried the famous statement 'The Richard Mutt Case', which protested the suppression of R. Mutt's Fountain-urinal from the Independents exhibition.
    Dawn Ades, 'The Blind Man and New York Dada', in The Dada Reader. A Critical Anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 146].
    n° 1 (April 1917) [Collection Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library].


  • The Blindman (issue 1); P.B.T. The Blind Man (issue 2)
    n° 1 (April 1917) - n° 2 (May 1917)
    Edited by Henri-Pierre Roché and Beatrice Wood, initiative Marcel Duchamp; published by Henri Pierre Roché, 33 West 67th Street : New York 1917
    8 and 16 pages (28 × 20.5 cm).
  • main contributors
    Henri Pierre Roché, Beatrice Wood, Mina Loy, Marcel Duchamp, Alfred Frueh, Robert Carlton Brown, Erik Satie, Louise Norton, Charles Demuth, Walter Conrad Arensberg, Frank Crowninshield, Francis Picabia, Charles Duncan, Gabrielle Buffet, Francis Simpson Stevens, Allen Norton, Clara Tice, and Alfred Stieglitz.


  • [printed] Reprinted in 'Dada americano', in Documenti e periodici dada / Arturo Schwarz (Mazzotta : Milano 1970) portfolio. Includes The Blindman 1-2, New York Dada, Watch Your Step, The Ridgefield Gazook and Rongwrong.
  • [printed] 3 New York Dadas and the Blind Man. Marcel Duchamp, Henri-Pierre Roché, Beatrice Wood / Translated by Chris Allen; introduced by Dawn Ades. Eclectics & Heteroclites, 14 (Atlas Press : London 2014).

  • [anthology] 'The Blind Man and New York Dada', in The Dada Reader. A Critical Anthology / edited by Dawn Ades (Tate Publishing : London 2006) 145-160.

secondary literature

  • Dawn Ades
    '291, The Ridgefield Gazook, The Blind Man, Rongwrong, TNT, New York Dada', in Dawn Ades, Dada and Surrealism Reviewed / with an introduction by David Sylvester and a supplement essay by Elizabeth Cowling (Arts Council of Britain : London 1978) 32-43.
  • Thomas Girst
    'Rarities from 1917 : Facsimiles of The Blind Man No.1, The Blind Man No.2 and Rongwrong' / compiled by Thomas Girst (visuals by Mika, Andrzej), in tout-fait. The Marcel Duchamp Studies Online Journal Issue 3 (December 2000) [online]; available at <> [accessed 2 August 2011].
  • Séverine Gossart
    'The Blindman (no 1), The Blind Man (no 2)', in Dada (Editions du Centre Pompidou : Paris 2005) 192.
  • Emily Hage
    New York and European Dada Art Journals, 1916-1926: International Venues of Exchange (S.l. : s.n. 2005) 69-81.
  • Irene E. Hofmann
    'Documents of Dada and Surrealism. Dada and Surrealist Journals in the Mary Reynolds Collection', in Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 22, no. 2 (1996) 130-149, 197 [online]; available at <> [accessed 2 August 2012].
  • David Hopkins
    'Proto-Dada. The New York connection: The Ridgefield Gazook (1915), The Blind Man (1917), Rongwrong (1917), 391 (1917), TNT (1919), New York Dada (1921)', in The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Volume III: Europe 1880 - 1940 / edited by Peter Brooker, Sascha Bru, Andrew Thacker, and Christian Weikop (Oxford University Press : Oxford etc. 2013) 160-179. google-books
  • Georges Hugnet
    'Blind Man (The)', in Dictionnaire du dadaïsme 1916-1922 / Georges Hugnet (Jean Claude Simoën : Paris 1976) 18-25.