|ROUE DE BICYCLETTE, 1913
[= Bicycle Wheel] 64.8 cm. diameter, mounted on painted wooden stool (60.2 cm. high). The original 1913 was left behind when Duchamp sailed to New York in 1915. He made a replica in 1916 (also lost). In 1951 he made a third version for the exhibition 'Climax in 20th Century Art, 1913'. This replica is now in the Sidney and Harriet Janis Collection, housed at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Authorized replicas were also built in 1960 based on the 1916 version, by Ulf Linde and Per Olof Ultvedt (Moderna Museet, Stockholm) and in 1963 (Collection Richard Hamilton, now lost).
In 1964 Arturo Schwarz, Duchamp’s dealer in Milan, produced an edition of 8. At the time they were issued, the complete set was priced at $25,000. So far as is known, there were only two takers: the National Gallery of Canada, and the Cordier & Ekstrom Gallery in New York.
Schwarz, no. 278
|TROIS STOPPAGES ETALON, 1913-1914
[= Three Standard Stoppages] Assemblage; three threads glued to three painted canvas strips (each 13,3 x 120 cm.), mounted on a glass panel (18.4 x 125.4 cm.); three wood slatsaveraging 6,2 x 113 cm. shaped along one edge to match the curves of the threads. The whole fitted in wooden box. Original version, 1913-14. The original is housed at the Museum of Modern Art, New York NY. Katherine S. Dreier Bequest, 1953.
Replicas were made in 1963 by Ulf Linde for the Moderna Museet, Stockholm and in the same year for the Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena. The 4th version was produced by Gallerie Schwarz in an edition of 8.
[= Pharmacy] Rectified readymade: gouache on a commercial print (26.2 x 19.2 cm.). Original 1914, now in the Collection Arakawa, New York. The readymade was produced in an edition of 3, 2 of which have been lost. Reproductions wwere made in Paris, 1941 and in New York, 1945 (100 numbered limited editions in View magazine Vol. No.1 (March 1945)).
Schwarz, no. 283.
|EGOUTTOIR (or PORTE-BOUTEILLES), 1914 [= Bottle Rack (Bottle Dryer)] Readymade. The original purchased from the Bazar de l'Hotel de Ville, 1914 is lost. Another rack was bought by Duchamp for his sister Suzanne in Paris, 1921. This copy is now in the Jean-Jacques Lebel Collection, Paris.
Duchamp and Man Ray bought another copy in 1936 for the exhibition at the Galerie Charles Ratton, Paris. Man Ray photographed it for the special exhibition issue of Cahiers d'Art 11, nr. 1/2 (1936) 42. The present location of this copy is unknown.
|IN ADVANCE OF BROKEN ARM, 1915 or SHOVEL
Readymade. Original New York lost.
In 1945 Duchamp bought another at request of Katherine S. Dreier for the Société Anonyme exhibition, Yale University Art Gallery (The Société Anonyme Collection is now housed there). The Moderna Museet, Stockholm has a copy made in 1963 for the Duchamp retrospective. A replica is in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
|A BRUIT SECRET, 1916
[= With Hidden Noise] Assisted readymade: ball of twine between 2 brass plates, joined by 4 long screws, containing a small unknown object added by Walter Arensberg (12.9 x 13 x 11.4 cm.). Original 1916. The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia. The Louise and Walter Arensberg Collection.
The Moderna Museet, Stockholm has a replica made in 1963 for the Duchamp retrospective. A replica is in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
The only surviving photograph was taken by Alfred Stieglitz shortly after Fountain was rejected by the jury. The photograph was used as an illustration in The Blind Man, May 1917.
In 1950 another copy was bought by Sidney Janis in Paris at the request of Duchamp for an exhibition in New York. Private collection. More copies were selected for an auction in 1953, the retrospective exhibition in the Moderna Musset, Stockholm 1963. A replica is in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
Schwarz, no. 345.
|PORTE CHAPEAU, 1917|
[= Hat Rack] Readymade. Original 1917 lost. A replica is in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
Schwarz, no. 351.
|L.H.O.O.Q., 1919 or MONA LISA|
Paris. Rectified readymade: pencil on a reproduction (19.7 x 12.4 cm.). Original in private collection, Paris. A reproduction was made in 1920 and published in 391 (March 1920). Later Duchamp drew in the missing beard and added an inscription at the bottom: "Moustaches par Picabia, barbe par Marcel Duchamp".
A large-scale replica was made in 1930 for Louis Aragon on the occasion of the exhibition 'La Peinture au défi' and in 1940 a color reproduction for 'The Box in a Valise'. In 1958 Duchamp added the mustache and goatee to a reproduction of the Mona Lisa printed in the Enciclopedia Universal (Hijos de J. Espasa, Madrid), now in the Collection Antoni Tapiès. The Collection Dorothea Tanning contains a handpainted copy of the Mona Lisa with mustache and goatee added painted in oil. Arturo Schwarz made 38 replicas in 1964, printed to be inserted in Pierre de Massot's Marcel Duchamp, propos et souvenirs (Gallerie Schwarz : Milan 1965).
|PARIS AIR, 1919 or AIR DE PARIS (50 cc of Paris Air)
Readymade. The original is broken and later restored. Now housed at The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia. The Louise and Walter Arensberg Collection. In 1949 another copy was selected by Henri-Pierre Roché at Duchamps request to replace the broken original. In 1963 a replica was made for the Marcel Duchamp retrospective, Moderna Museet Stckholm. A replica is in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
Schwarz, no. 375.
|ELEVAGE DE POUSSIERE, 1920
[= Dust Breeding] Readymade: photograph by Man Ray and Marcel Duchamp. The photograph records accumulation of dust on the lower section of the 'Large Glass'. Duchamp later cleaned the Glass except for the area occupied by the 'Sieves', where he affixed the dust with varnish, giving them "a kind of color" [cited Anne d'Harnoncourt and Kynaston McShine (eds.), Marcel Duchamp (New York 1972, 1989)].
Schwarz, no. 382.
|BELLE HALEINE, EAU DE VOILETTE, 1921 or Beautiful Breath, Veil Water
Assisted readymade: perfume bottle with label, in oval box (16.3 x 11.2 cm.). Private collection, Paris.
Schwarz, no. 388.
|WHY NOT SNEEZE ROSE SELAVY? 1921|
Assisted readymade: painted metal birdcage, 152 marble cubes in the form of sugar cubes with thermometer and cuttlefishbone (12.4 x 22.2 x 16.2 cm.). Original in The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia. The Louise and Walter Arensberg Collection. Replica made in 1963 for the Moderna Museet, Stockholm. A third version is a replica in the 1964 Arturo Schwarz edition.
Schwarz, no. 391.